Quick Answer: How Can We Prevent Water Borne Diseases Class 9?

How are disease spread through water?

Waterborne illness is caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease-causing microbes or pathogens.

Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread..

Which water is safe for drinking?

Use bottled water or a different source of water if you know or suspect that your water might be contaminated with fuel or toxic chemicals. In emergency situations, use bottled water if possible; bottled water is the safest choice for drinking and all other uses.

What are causes of diseases Class 9?

Immediate cause: The organisms that enter our body and cause the disease are termed as an immediate cause. For example, virus, bacteria, protozoa etc….Related Stories.S. No.Type of DiseaseExample1.Air born DiseasesCommon cold, influenza, measles, tuberculosis.2.Water born diseasesCholera, typhoid, hepatitis.2 more rows•May 26, 2020

What are the examples of air borne diseases?

Common airborne diseasesInfluenza: The seasonal “flu” virus spreads easily from person to person. … The common cold: The condition called “a cold” is usually caused by a rhinovirus. … Varicella zoster: This virus causes chickenpox and spreads easily among young children.More items…

How can we prevent diseases Class 9?

General Ways There should be limited exposure to airborne microbes by providing not so crowded living conditions. Safe drinking water should be provided to prevent water-borne diseases. Provide a clean environment which prevents the breeding of mosquitoes. This prevents the spread of vector-borne diseases.

What is water borne diseases with examples?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

What is vector borne diseases with example?

Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.

How can we prevent water borne diseases?

There are several ways to prevent these illnesses:Use good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

What are the common water borne diseases in the community?

Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact The pathogenic microorganisms, their toxic exudates, and other contaminants together, cause serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, amebiasis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, scabies, and worm infections, to name a few.

What type of diseases are there?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

How we can prevent diseases?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What are the 4 major disease vectors?

Disease vectorsMalaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito.Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito.Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito.Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.More items…

What are three water borne diseases?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

How can we prevent water borne and vector borne diseases?

Wear light-coloured, long-sleeved shirts and long trousers, tucked into socks or boots, and use insect repellent on exposed skin and clothing to protect yourself from being bitten by mosquitoes, sandflies or ticks. 3. install window screens in your home or workplace to keep mosquitoes outside. 4.

Can you say the names of diseases which are spread through water?

Some of the effects of water-borne diseases are Hepatitis A and C hookworms, ringworms, cholera, typhoid fever etc.

What disease looks like Class 9?

Hint: Any disturbance in the structure or function of any organ or part of the body. It may be caused due to the attack of pathogens (virus, bacteria), lack of nutritious diet/balanced diet and lack of public health services.

How do vector borne diseases spread?

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies. Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded (ectothermic) and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors.